"Wabi" is a noun form of the verb "wabu", and its meaning is "inferior to a good state" as can be easily understood from the adjective "wabi".
In turn, it means "poor appearance" or "simple appearance". To put it more simply, is it "poor" or "poor"?
Originally it was not a good concept, but due to the influence of Zen Buddhism, it was positively evaluated and incorporated into the aesthetic sense. It's a little difficult, so I'd like to start by thinking about the background of the times when this concept was born.
We will go back to the Muromachi period.
The "beauty" of the vessel seems to start with "tea".
It seems that the tea party at the time of Muromachi was like an on-parade of high-class imported goods collected by shoguns and influential daimyo, and a vulgar party or a big banquet with a nouveau riche hobby.
In such an era, "Murata Juko", who is said to be the ancestor of Wabi-cha, hates this and eliminates formal and formal things.
This is the first step in "Wabi".
Sen no Rikyu
It is said that there was an influence of "Ikkyu Sojun", a Zen Buddhist priest.
What is the relationship between Buddhism and tea?
Buddhism at that time was a teaching that was twisted by human interpretation, walking alone, away from the pure Buddha's teaching, as it emphasized form and formality.
And it eventually flooded high priests who were drowned in money and power. There is a word "tea ceremony", but it is said to be a sarcastic word for a priest who is drowning in power, strongly associated with high-ranking people such as shoguns, and who only enjoys tea ceremony like the big banquet at that time.
Sojun seemed to have doubts about this situation and hated it.
The person named Ikkyu Sojun is a model of the anime "Ikkyu-san" that you all know, and Tonchi's clever little boy tells the story of Sojun's childhood.
Sojun is said to be the illegitimate child of Emperor Go-Komatsu, and despite his wise and clever childhood, he is free-spirited, drinking, eating meat, and committing eccentricities. There were many.
Although he is such a person, he is a person who thinks about what Buddha wanted to say, thinks about the meaning of living as a person before the commandments and status as a monk, and expresses this in his own way of life. It was.
Juko, who is said to have learned the way of life of Sojun, who is not bound by this precept and form, has the same form and form as before, as well as expensive jewelry and tools, in order to entertain people with tea. Did you think you didn't need it?
"Wabi" means that in order to entertain a guest, it is not necessary to have something specially expensive, but it is important to pursue how to entertain the guest, and "hospitality" is the most important factor. Seems to be an idea.
That "Sen no Rikyu", which inherits the thoughts of Murata Juko, adds to that fun and taste.
Rikyu himself wrote the song, "If you have one kettle, the tea ceremony is enough and you like all the tools." From this, the spirit of Wabi-cha tells us that various tools are not needed to enjoy the tea ceremony.
Unlike the present age, in the world of the Warring States, the tea ceremony itself was a "one-time-one-time meeting" that you might not be able to meet next time, and each one was a serious game. In addition, it must have been the best "hospitality" to make this a place of mental comfort.
And such a wabi-sabi world view will strongly capture the hearts of the Sengoku daimyo.
From this spiritual concept of "Wabi", we started by eliminating gorgeous and expensive jewelry and tools, and also emphasized "Wabi" on the material, shape, and appearance of the tools. Become.
The well-proportioned beauty is easy to get tired of. Isn't it just like the words "Beauty is in three days ..."?
"Perfect beauty" cannot be achieved without a kind of magical charm of a much higher dimension, despite its geometric and absolute shape. If you want perfect beauty, the colors, shapes, burns, and soil all become a high-dimensional unity, but when that happens, it's playless, inorganic, and for some reason uninteresting.
Does this make sense to put too much effort on your shoulders and seek perfection? The question comes up.
Rather, there is a saying that "the poorer the child is, the more cute it is", but I sometimes think that this is a kind of "wabi-sabi".
Actually, glue the vessel that was chipped during use or the vessel that was broken in the kiln during firing with lacquer, sprinkle with gold or silver powder, so that you do not have trouble using it. There is a method called "kintsugi" to fix. Speaking of just repairing, until then, one way to fix it is to change it into a quaint vessel rather than an unbroken vessel. This is a really interesting and interesting place.
I think that the interesting part of this wabi-sabi, "Otsu", was especially bloated by "Furuta Oribe", a tea master who is a disciple of Rikyu and is also counted as Rikyu Sen no Rikyu.
"Otsu" is the "Otsu" of "Kou, Otsu, Hei, Ding", and it is an evaluation standard that "Otsu" is better than "Kou", which is the highest evaluation. , I can't find such a targeted expression.
It seems that Oribe was said to be a hail person, and "hyoge" means "hyokinda" or "funny", and even if you look at the pottery "Oribe ware" devised by Oribe, the shape, color, and humor of the design, etc. Is completely different from other pottery, and it turns out that it is outstanding. I feel that I want to enjoy "Otsu" so that I can entertain with a fun vessel.
The aesthetic sense of "Wabi" is not good just because it is luxurious and expensive, but rather it is a feeling of admiring the fun and beauty that is born in imperfect things.